SCIENCE

 

The purpose of our science curriculum is to foster a sense of excitement and curiosity in children as they develop their understanding of the world around them.  Children learn through an enquiry-based approach, involving exploration, investigation, discussion and hands-on experiences.  We aim for children to develop an appreciation of how science has changed our lives and the important role it plays in the world’s future prosperity.


Please find a copy of our Science Policy here:



EYFS

 

In the Early Years Foundation Stage, children develop their understanding of the world through opportunities outlined in Development Matters (DfE 2012), in order to meet the following Early Learning Goal:  

Children find out about similarities and differences in places, objects, materials and living things. They are encouraged to talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another. They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.


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Year 1




Animals, Including Humans

Children identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part if the body is associated with each sense.  They describe the similarities and differences in their own features, for example, eye colour.  Children also learn that humans are animals and identify, name, describe and compare common animals, understanding whether they are herbivores, carnivores or omnivores.  They describe an


 

Materials

Children distinguish between an object and the materials from which it is made.  They identify and name a variety of everyday materials, such as wood, plastic, glass, metal, water and rock, and describe their properties.  Children compare and group together materials based on their properties.

 

Plants

Children identify and name a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees.  They identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants.  Children observe changes in plants and their local habitat over the four seasons.  They also describe the weather associated with the seasons and how the day length varies.

 

 

 

 

Year 2




Uses of Everyday Materials​

Children identify and compare the suitability of everyday materials for particular uses.  They find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching.

 

Animals, Including Humans

Children learn that animals have offspring, which grow into adults.  They find out about the basic needs of animals for survival: water, food and air.  Children describe the importance of good hygiene habits, exercise and eating the right amounts of different types of food. 

 

Living Things and Their Habitats

Children explore and compare the differences between things that are living, dead and things that have never been alive.  They identify how different habitats/micro-habitats meet the needs of different plants and animals.  Children describe how plants and animals depend on one another and use simple food chains to show how they obtain food.


                                                             

 

Plants

Children observe and describe how seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants.  They find out and describe how plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and stay healthy. 


 

 

Year 3




Health and Nutrition​

Children identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amount of nutrition.  They understand that they animals cannot make their own food and get nutrition from what they eat.

 

Movement – Muscles and Bones

Children learn how skeletons and muscles provide support, protection and movement in humans and other animals.

                                                                                

                                                                                                                 

 

Light

Children recognise that they need light in order to see things and that darkness of the absence of light. They understand that light from the sun can be dangerous and there are ways to protect their eyes.  Children find out that shadows are formed when the light from a source is blocked by a solid object and find patterns in the way that the size of shadows change.


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Forces and Magnets

Children some forces need contact between two objects but magnetic forces can act at a distance.  They observe how magnets attract and repel each other and attract some materials and not others.  They learn that magnets have two poles and predict whether two magnets will attract or repel each other, based on which poles are facing.  Children compare and group everyday materials on the basis of whether they are attracted to a magnet and identify some magnetic materials. 


      



 

Rocks

Children compare and group together different rocks and soils based on their appearance and physical properties.  They learn that rocks and soils can be different in different places and environments.  They find out that soil is made from rocks and organic matter.  Children also describe how fossils are formed.

 

Plants

Children identify and describe the functions of different parts of flowering plants – their roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers.  They explore the requirements of plants for life and growth and how these vary from plant to plant.  Children also investigate the way in which water is transported within plants. 


 

Year 4




States of Matter - Solids, Liquids and Gases

Children compare and group together materials according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases and identify properties of each.  Children observe some materials change state when they are heated or cooled and find out the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius.  They identify the part the played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and investigate the link between evaporation rate and temperature.

 

Living Things and Their Habitats​

Children recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways and use classification keys to help them group, identify and name things in their local and the wider environment.  Children construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey.

 

Teeth and Eating

Children describe the simple functions of basic parts of the digestive system in humans.  They identify different types of teeth and their functions. 

 

Electricity

Children identify appliances that run on electricity.  They construct simple series circuits, identifying and naming basic components, incusing cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers.  Children identify whether a lamp will light in a circuit, depending on if it is a complete loop or not.  They recognise that a switch opens a closes a circuit.  Children also recognise common electrical conductors and insulators, associating metals with being good conductors.

 

Sound

Children observe how sounds are made when something vibrates.  They learn how vibrations travel into the ear so we can hear.  Children find patterns between the volume of sound and the strength of vibrations producing it.  They observe how sounds become fainter as the distance from the sound source increases.  Children learn that sounds can be high or low pitched and investigate relationships between pitch and the features of the object producing the sound, e.g. length, thickness, etc.


                                            


 

Year 5




Forces​

Children explain that unsupported objects fall towards Earth because of the force of gravity.  They identify the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction and investigate the relationship between these forces and other factors, such as surface area.  Children recognise that some mechanisms, including levers, pulleys and gears, allow a smaller force to have a greater effect.

 

Earth and Space

Children describe the movement of the Earth in relation to Sun and the movement of the Moon in relation to the Earth.  They understand that day and night occurs due to the rotation of planet Earth on its axis and that this takes 24 hours.  Children observe how the Sun appears to move across the sky from East to West and how shadows change over the course of a day.  They also learn that the Earth orbits the Sun in one year.  Children understand that we can see the Moon because it reflects sunlight and that the Moon takes approximately one month to orbit Earth.

 

Animals and Plant Lifecycles

Children describe changes as humans develop to old age.  They describe reproduction in some plants and animals and the differences in the lifecycles of a mammal, an amphibian and a bird.  They understand that animals are alive and what the seven life processes are.  Children observe the life cycles of pants in the environment – they explore the parts of a flower which are involved in reproduction, finding out about pollination, seed formation and seed dispersal.

 

Properties and Changes of Materials

Children investigate the properties of materials, including their solubility, magnetism, flexibility, strength and thermal conductivity.   Children discover that some materials dissolve on liquid to form a solution and describe how to recover a solid from a solution. They use their knowledge of solids, liquids and gases to decide how mixtures might be separated, including through filtering, sieving and evaporating.  Children also find out that dissolving, mixing and changes of state are reversible changes whereas other processes, such as rusting and burning, are irreversible reactions and produce new materials. 

 

     

 

Year 6

 


Circulatory System

Children identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood.  They recognise the impact of exercise on their body.  Children also describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals.  Children recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function.


  

 

Light

Children recognise that light appears to travel in straight lines and use this idea to explain how we see things when light from reflects of them and into our eyes.


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Electricity 

Children draw relationships between the brightness of a lamp/volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in a circuit.  They learn the recognised symbols when constructing simple circuit diagrams. 

 

Evolution and Inheritance

Children describe and classify living things, including micro-organisms, plants and animals and identify examples of variation and adaptation.  They give reasons for classifying plants and animals.  They recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago. 


  

 

 

 

 


 

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